Effects of Apophenia on Multiple-Choice Exam Performance

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dc.contributor.author Paul, S.T.
dc.contributor.author Monda, S.
dc.contributor.author Olausson, S.M.
dc.contributor.author Reed-Daley, Brenna
dc.date.accessioned 2021-09-15T20:38:54Z
dc.date.available 2021-09-15T20:38:54Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Paul, S.T., Monda, S., Olausson, S.M. & Reed-Daley, B. (2014). Effects of Apophenia on Multiple-Choice Exam Performance. DOI: 10.1177/2158244014556628 sgo.sagepub.com en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11347/426
dc.description.abstract There is a broad literature on the various issues related to effective exam construction applicable to both on-ground and online course delivery. These guidelines tend to support rather close contact between the instructor and the exam. However, to remain competitive, both textbook and course management providers have developed echnologies to automate many aspects of exam construction. As test construction becomes automated, the possibility of inadvertently deviating from demonstrated or intuitive guidelines increases. Two experiments were conducted to examine the degree to which apophenia (perceiving patterns in random data) might negatively influence multiple-choice exam performance among college students. Experiment 1 indirectly demonstrated the extent to which certain answer patterns seemed to be tolerated among students (maximum of three repeated answers) in comparison with what might be expected from randomly generated exams from Blackboard. Experiment 2 directly examined the effects of answer patterns on exam performance. Participants’ performance declined as the underlying answer patterns became more obvious, and this effect appeared to be particularly strong for the upper level psychology students. The importance and implications of these findings with regard to automated test construction were discussed, and a recommendation is provided. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Creative Commons en_US
dc.subject apophenia Blackboard, exam construction, multiple choice en_US
dc.subject Blackboard en_US
dc.subject exam construction en_US
dc.subject multiple choice en_US
dc.title Effects of Apophenia on Multiple-Choice Exam Performance en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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