Restless Legs Syndrome in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review

Show simple item record Padgett, Carley 2014-05-08T14:05:07Z 2014-05-08T14:05:07Z 2014-05-08
dc.description.abstract This systematic review examines the prevalence and current treatment options of restless legs syndrome in pregnancy and makes recommendations for future practice by analyzing twenty-one, peer-reviewed, scholarly research studies. Restless legs syndrome is a disorder manifested by the strong urge to move one’s legs often accompanied by paresthesia that is alleviated only by movement. Restless legs syndrome can manifest idiopathically or as a result of a condition such as pregnancy. Pregnancy-induced restless legs syndrome is expressed in about thirty percent of pregnant women with worsening symptoms in the third trimester. Affected pregnant women are often undiagnosed due to the transient nature of the disease. Subsequently, treatment is often bypassed for lack of a diagnosis. When treatment is used, it includes nutritional therapy, heat, massage, relaxation, and some pharmaceuticals. Recommendations for future practice include the following: identification of risk factors, correct diagnosis of the disease with reassurance of low risk to the fetus, increased folate intake, relaxation techniques including distraction, massage, and heat, and pharmacological measures with extreme caution for cases that could produce potential harm to the mother or fetus.
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.title Restless Legs Syndrome in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dcterms.publisher Robert Morris University Honors Program

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